When doing business in Vietnam, it’s critical to understand all of the tax breaks and deductions to which your company is entitled. By doing so, you can reduce your company’s tax liability while increasing profits. In this article, we will briefly discuss the various types of tax incentives available to foreign investors in Vietnam.
Types of tax incentives
Tax incentives in Vietnam are classified into two types:
Preferential tax rates
Your company is taxed lower than the standard 20%, most commonly at 10%, 15%, or 17%.
The preferential rate can be applied for the duration of your company’s existence or for a set period of time depending on specific provisions. For example, hi-tech companies can benefit from lower tax rates beginning with their first year of revenue generation.
Your company may be exempt from paying taxes for a set period of time, which is usually four years.
The tax-free period generally begins with the first year of profit-making or the fourth year of revenue generation, whichever comes first.
In certain cases, companies can benefit from both a tax holiday and preferential tax rates.
Eligibility for tax incentives in Vietnam
Tax incentives are granted to foreign firms based on specific locations, industries, or investment zones in Vietnam.
Incentives for special locations
Incentives for special locations
Companies operating in special areas (e.g., hi-tech zones, industrial zones, economic zones) are generally offered tax incentives.
Besides, companies conducting business in bad socio-economic regions such as areas that have poor infrastructure, shortage of labor force, or remote locations, can also enjoy tax deductions and holidays.
The rate and exemption can be varied depending on the specific locations shown below.
Locations with CIT Incentives
|Location||Preferential Tax Rate||Tax Holidays|
|Especially difficult socio-economic conditions |
|10% for the first 15 years|| |
|Difficult socio-economic conditions||17% for the first 10 years|| |
|Industrial Parks (not located in favorable socioeconomic areas)||Not applicable|| |
Source: FIA Vietnam 2020
Incentives for Prioritized Industries
In order to attract investment in certain sectors, Vietnam offers tax incentives for companies operating in specific industries such as agriculture, education, training, and healthcare.
|Sector||Preferential Tax Rate|| |
|A||10% for 15 years|| |
|B||10% for the whole project’s lifetime|| |
|C||10% for the whole project’s lifetime|| |
|D||10% for the whole project’s lifetime|| |
|E||15% for the whole project’s lifetime||Not applicable|
|F||17% for 10 years|| |
Source: FIA Vietnam 2020
List of sectors
- Sector A: Hi-tech firms (including science and technology enterprises), research, application, and incubation of hi-tech projects, Environmental protection, Investment for infrastructure, Software production, Supporting Industries, and Agriculture enterprises applying high tech.
- Sector B: Socialized projects in education, training, vocation, health, culture, sports, and environment, located in difficult or especially difficult socio-economic conditions.
- Sector C: Socialized projects not in difficult or especially difficult socio-economic locations.
- Sector D: Farming sectors in difficult regions, such as husbandry, agriculture and aquaculture production, plant varieties and animal breeds production, salt production in difficult areas; preservation of agriculture and aquaculture products and foods.
- Sector E: Farming sectors not in difficult or especially difficult regions.
- Sector F: Heavy industry such as high-quality steel production, energy-saving products, agriculture machinery and equipment, as well as forestry, fisheries, salt production, and traditional crafts.
Incentives for certain projects
There are also tax breaks for companies investing in key projects that contribute to the socio-economic development of Vietnam such as building highways, bridges, or seaports can get tax holidays and other deductions.
Key projects are defined below:
- Income from new investment projects in the production sector (however, a project involved with goods subject to special sales tax, or mineral exploitation is ineligible) has invested at the minimum of six trillion dongs (approximately 257 million US Dollars) being paid out no later than 3 years from the investment certificate date; and
- Sum minimum revenue at 10 trillion dongs per year and no later than three years from the year starting to generate revenue; or
- Minimum of 3,000 full-time staff per year no later than three years from the year starting to generate revenue.
Ultimately, a foreign firm needs to be qualified for the first criteria and either one of the remaining ones.
Firm scale with CIT Incentives
|Scale||Preferential Tax Rate||Tax Holidays|
|A minimum of 6 trillion dongs (257 million US dollars) and |
10% for 15 years
Vietnam tax breaks are a fantastic opportunity for investors from all over the world to do business in the country with minimal tax liabilities.
We hope this article has given you a better understanding of Vietnam’s tax system and what incentives are available to foreign investors.
For more detailed information on tax incentives in Vietnam, please contact our team of experts at email@example.com.
Disclaimer: While BBCIncorp strives to make the information on this website as timely and accurate as possible, the information itself is for reference purposes only. You should not substitute the information provided in this article for competent legal advice. Feel free to contact BBCIncorp’s customer services for advice on your specific cases.
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