In the course of growing your business, there may be occasions when you will have to appoint a new director or replace an existing director due to common reasons such as retirement or incompetence. You need to be prepared and ready for when that happens.

With today’s article, we will provide comprehensive guidance on managing the appointment and resignation of directors in Hong Kong. This will help you gain a clearer understanding of these processes and how to navigate them effectively.

What is the appointment of a Hong Kong director?

The appointment of a Hong Kong director refers to the process of formally designating an individual to serve as a director of a Hong Kong company.

This is an important process as it not only impacts the company’s governance but also ensures compliance with regulatory standards.

In Hong Kong, the director’s duties are crucial in setting the company’s strategy and overseeing its day-to-day operations. However, before they can undertake these crucial responsibilities, directors must be appointed correctly to grant them the necessary authority to act on behalf of the company.

How many directors should be appointed?

According to the Hong Kong Companies Registry, the number of directors that should be appointed depends on the type of company:

  • Companies limited by shares are required to have at least one director
  • Companies limited by guarantee must have a minimum of two directors

It’s important to note that while these are the minimum requirements, companies can appoint more directors if they wish, as long as they meet the minimum criteria specified by the Hong Kong Companies Registry. Additionally, companies should ensure that their directors are appropriately qualified and fulfill their statutory obligations under Hong Kong law.

Necessary documents for the director appointment

To appoint a director in Hong Kong, you will typically need the following documents:

  • Director’s consent form: The appointed individual must provide a written consent form, confirming their willingness to act as a director.
  • AGM resolution for appointment of director: A resolution passed by the board of directors, officially approving the appointment of the new director
  • Nominee’s personal identification: You must submit personal details of the nominee, including their full name, residential address, nationality, and identity proof.
  • Form ND2A: The company is obligated to send this notice to report any changes to the Companies Registry regarding the director’s appointment.
  • Register of directors: The company must also update its register of directors to reflect the changes in the composition of the board promptly.

The process of appointing a new director

Below is a detailed breakdown of the main steps involved in the appointment of directors:

Step 1: Review the AOA for the director appointment provision

You should carefully examine the Articles of Association (AOA) to ensure that the upcoming director appointment aligns with the rules and provisions outlined in the AOA.

If the AOA does not include provisions for director appointments, the board of directors must consider modifying the articles to suit the company’s needs.

Step 2: Conduct a board meeting

The next step is to organize a board meeting to formally discuss and approve the appointment of the new director. Director appointments require passing a resolution during a general meeting, such as the Annual General Meeting (AGM).

Alternatively, if the decision to appoint a director arises outside the annual cycle, an Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM) can be conducted for the same purpose.

During this meeting, the board members will assess the candidate’s suitability based on company bylaws and legal regulations.

Once the board approves the appointment, the selected individual must provide formal consent by completing the designated consent form.

Specifically, each director should sign a Letter of Consent, confirming their eligibility by declaring that they are at least 18 years old and consenting to serve as a company director.

Step 4: Notify the Companies Registry

After obtaining the director’s consent, the company must fill out and submit Form ND2A – Notice of Change of Company Secretary and Director to the Companies Registry within 15 days after the appointment of directors.

This form includes personal details of the newly appointed director such as passport or Hong Kong ID information, residential address, and a declaration of acceptance, confirming they are over 18.

Step 5: Update external and internal records

Once the Companies Registry has been notified, the last step is to ensure that both external and internal records are updated accordingly. This includes:

  • Publicly available information such as online databases;
  • Essential documents for external dealings (e.g. brochures, introduction leaflets, etc.);
  • The register of company directors;
  • Organizational charts or internal directories; and
  • Other relevant records.
Appoint directors for your Hong Kong business with ease

Appoint directors for your Hong Kong business with ease

Our Hong Kong company secretary services enable businesses to effortlessly appoint, resign, or remove directors, with all procedures conveniently conducted online.

Explore our packages now or get in touch with the BBCIncorp team for more details.

What is the resignation of directors in Hong Kong?

As previously mentioned, every Hong Kong company is required to have at least one company director during the incorporation process. However, companies are not bound to a specific director, and changes can occur as the business evolves.

These changes can occur either voluntarily or out of necessity:

  • Voluntary resignation: A director may decide to step down from their position for reasons ranging from personal matters, health issues, or other professional commitments to retirement.
  • Compulsory resignation or removal of directors: Alternatively, a director may face removal from the business, mandated by legal or regulatory requirements. This could be a consequence of disqualification by authorities due to involvement in criminal activities or other wrongdoings.

For individuals who decide to resign from their roles as directors, there is a specific resignation process that must be followed. Let’s explore the essential details below.

Necessary documents for the resignation

When resigning, the following paperwork shall be prepared:

  • Resignation letter: The director should submit a formal resignation letter to the board of directors, indicating their reason for resigning and the effective date.
  • Board resolution: The board of directors must pass a resolution acknowledging and accepting the director’s resignation.
  • Form ND2A: Similar to the appointment process, the company is obligated to notify the Companies Registry of these changes by delivering a notice.
  • Update of the director’s register: The company’s records, including the director’s register, should also be updated to reflect the change in directorship, if not already.

The process of director resignation

Here are the general steps for a former director to resign from a Hong Kong company:

Step 1: Submit a resignation letter

To start the resignation process, the director must formally submit a resignation letter to the board of directors within a timeframe specified in the Articles of Association or any existing contractual agreements. Adherence to this timeframe is crucial for the decision to be valid.

This resignation letter not only serves as official notice but also facilitates transparent communication and maintains a practical record.

Step 2: Conduct a board meeting

Following the submission of the director’s resignation letter, the second step involves convening a board meeting.

During this meeting, directors and major shareholders discuss the implications of the departure and pass a formal resolution to approve the change. Detailed meeting minutes must be drafted to document the discussions, the resolution, and any considerations for succession planning.

Step 3: Notify the Companies Registry

Once the director’s resignation is formally accepted in the board meeting, the company must notify the Companies Registry by submitting Form ND2A, which should be signed by the new director.

In cases where the resigning director has credible reasons to believe that the company may not deliver the notice promptly, he or she is obliged to personally submit a Notice of Resignation of Company Secretary and Director (Form ND4) to the CR.

The resignation notice submitted to the Companies Registry must specify:

  • Whether the resigning director is required to inform the company of his/her resignation under the company’s articles or any agreement; and
  • If the notice was provided according to the parties’ shared regulations.

Additionally, the resignation will only take effect if this notification is delivered successfully, either in hard copy or electronic form.

Step 4: Update external and internal records

In the final step of the director’s resignation process, relevant company records undergo a thorough update to reflect the recent change in directorship accurately.

Along with notifying the Companies Registry, publicly available details must be revised to align with the current governing structure.

Internally, the company updates its director’s register and essential relevant paperwork to record the changes, subsequently communicating this update to employees and management for transparency.

To wrap up

In summary, managing Hong Kong director appointments and resignations is crucial for smooth business operations and regulatory compliance. Each step, including reviewing the Articles of Association, notifying the Companies Registry, and updating relevant records, requires the attention of all parties involved.

Nevertheless, it’s advisable to consult with professionals if you wish to streamline the hassles of changing directors in the company.

BBCIncorp team can assist you with any questions about doing business in Hong Kong or the appointment/resignation of directors. Simply get in touch with us via for timely support today.

Disclaimer: While BBCIncorp strives to make the information on this website as timely and accurate as possible, the information itself is for reference purposes only. You should not substitute the information provided in this article for competent legal advice. Feel free to contact BBCIncorp’s customer services for advice on your specific cases.

Share this article

Industry News & Insights

Get helpful tips and info from our newsletter!

Stay in the know and be empowered with our strategic how-tos, resources, and guidelines.