Real estate ventures in Hong Kong are influenced by various factors, with property tax playing a pivotal role. Property owners pay this tax on rental income from their real estate, shaping financial strategies. Delve into this blog post to unravel the nuances of property tax in Hong Kong, empowering you with the knowledge to make savvy financial choices.

Overview of property tax Hong Kong

Property tax in Hong Kong is a tax levied on the income generated from renting out immovable property within the territory. It’s an annual tax imposed on property owner(s) and is calculated using the property’s net assessable value for that year.

It is important to note that property tax is distinct from profits tax imposed on the trading profits of businesses. For investors, separating the two is vital to avoiding unnecessary tax liabilities.

Competent authorities

Under the Hong Kong tax system, property tax falls under the Inland Revenue Ordinance (Cap. 112). and is overseen by the Inland Revenue Department (IRD). The IRD is responsible for managing and collecting this tax.

Who is subject to property tax?

In Hong Kong, property tax applies to anyone who owns property and generates rental income from it within the territory. This includes both individuals and corporate entities, regardless of whether the property owner is resident or non-resident in Hong Kong.

Exemptions may apply under specific circumstances, but in general, if you’re earning rental income from an immovable property in Hong Kong (such as homes, flats, apartments, lands, and/or buildings), you’re subject to property tax.

Property tax rate

Since 2008/09, the property tax rate has remained at a steady 15% on the net assessable value of the property, providing a clear and consistent fiscal policy for property owners. The assessable value is the property’s rental income for the year, minus any special deductions.

As Hong Kong does not have a capital gains tax, property tax is the primary income tax on real estate gains. This factor is crucial to consider when assessing the overall tax implications for investment properties.

How to calculate Hong Kong property tax?

Calculating property tax in Hong Kong involves understanding the net assessable value of a property and applying the standard tax rate to that value.

Below is a step-by-step guide to calculate your property tax, with specific scenarios to help you better understand the calculation:

Step 1: Determine gross rental income

First, you need to determine the total rental income of the property for the relevant year of assessment.

Rental income is the income you earn from leasing out your immovable properties, such as residential or commercial spaces. It comprises various elements, including:

  • Monthly or periodic rent payments: This is the most direct form of rental income, where tenants pay a set amount regularly for the use of the property.
  • Fees for granting usage rights: These might include payments for allowing specific uses of the property that are not covered under the standard rental agreement, such as subletting.
  • Service charges or related fees: Tenants may pay these directly to the owner for services related to the maintenance and operation of the property, distinguishing them from fees included in the rent that cover similar costs.
  • Costs covered by tenant: If tenants pay for services like repairs or property tax directly, it can reduce the overall expenses borne by the owner, effectively increasing the net rental income.
  • Rental arrears: These are overdue payments from tenants that, once collected, contribute to the rental income.
  • Lump sum premiums: In some cases, landlords may receive a single, large payment (a premium) for a lease, which is considered part of the rental income.

Imagine this scenario: in the tax year 2022/2023, you decide to lease a property to a tenant at $2,500 per month. At the same time, you also charge your tenant $500 for utilities and services like air conditioning, housekeeping, and Internet access. In this case, your gross rental income would be calculated as follows:

Gross rental income = ($2,500 x 12 months) + ($500 x 12 months)

= $30,000 +$6,000

= $36,000

Step 2: Calculate Net Assessable Value (NAV)

Once you have determined the gross rental income, the next step is to calculate the Net Assessable Value (NAV). The NAV is calculated by deducting allowable expenses from the gross rental income.

Allowable expenses may include the following:

  • Rates paid on the property: Rates are charges levied by local governments on property owners to fund the provision of public services and infrastructure maintenance. Property owners can deduct the amount of rates they have paid on a property when calculating their taxable income from that property.
  • Costs of repairs and maintenance: This includes expenses incurred to keep the property in good condition, such as painting or replacing some fittings.
  • Costs of services such as cleaning and security provided to tenants.
  • Insurance premiums paid: Property owners can deduct the cost of insurance to cover risks such as loss of rent or damage to the property.
  • Management fees and commissions paid to agents for services such as advertising or leasing the property.
  • Interest on loans taken out for property maintenance or improvement.

Please note that only expenses incurred in generating rental income are deductible. Any expenses not directly related to the upkeep or management of the property cannot be deducted. For example, buying furniture for your own use or renovating a room that is not included in the rental arrangement cannot be deducted.

In our example, we assume that the total allowable expenses for the tax year 2022/2023 amount to $10,000. The Net Assessable Value would be calculated as follows:

Net Assessable Value (NAV) = Gross rental income – Allowable expenses

= $36,000 – $10,000

= $26,000

Step 3: Calculate property tax payable

Finally, calculate the amount of property tax you owe for the year, you need to apply the standard property tax rate of 15% to the NAV. In our example:

Property tax payable = Net Assessable Value (NAV) x 15%

= $26,000 x 15%

= $3,900

This amount would be the property tax you owed for the 2022/2023 tax year. It is crucial to note that if you own multiple properties, each property would have its own NAV and separate property tax calculation.

Key requirements for property tax in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong tax system imposes several requirements related to property tax, including:

  • Filing property tax returns
  • Paying provisional property tax

Paying provisional property tax

In Hong Kong, the provisional tax payment system applies to various types of income, including salaries tax and profit tax. This tax is an estimate based on the taxpayer’s previous year’s income and is typically paid in two installments: first installments (75% of provisional tax) and second installment (25% remaining).

The purpose is to help individuals and businesses manage their cash flows better by making tax payments in advance, thus avoiding a large lump-sum payment upon the final assessment.

For property tax, the provisional payment is usually calculated based on the previous year’s gross rental income.

At the end of the tax year, the Inland Revenue Department (IRD) assesses the actual income. Any variance between the provisional tax paid and the actual tax owed will result in a refund or adjustment in the subsequent provisional tax bill.

Taxpayers can request a holdover of provisional tax under specific conditions, such as anticipating lower income or wanting to spread out tax payments. The guidance on applying for holdover of provisional tax or installment payments is available on IRD’s website.

Property tax payment deadlines are outlined in the Notice of Assessment provided by the IRD. This ensures that taxpayers are given specific deadlines tailored to their individual assessments, rather than a one-size-fits-all deadline.

Filing property tax returns

In addition to provisional tax payments, you are required to file property tax returns with the IRD.

The type of return for reporting rental income depends on the rental activity and the owners’ circumstances. For example, if an individual owns multiple properties, they may file one consolidated tax return for all the properties or separate returns for each property.

The deadlines for filing property tax returns are as follows:

  • For paper tax returns: 1 month from the date of issue on the Notice of Assessment
  • For electronic filing through eTAX: 2 months from the date of issue on the Notice of Assessment

Penalties for late payment or non-compliance

Failing to notify the tax authority within four months after the tax year ends, missing deadlines, providing false information, or inadequate record-keeping can lead to penalties.

All property owners, whether joint or tenants-in-common, must report rental income and pay property tax as if they were the sole owner. Normally, the tax authority contacts the ‘precedent owner’ (the first listed on the title deed), who then files the return and pays the tax on behalf of all owners.

All joint owners share the responsibility for reporting rental income and paying taxes. Not receiving a tax return doesn’t excuse late submissions; ensure you file on time.


Property tax in Hong Kong is a critical consideration for any real estate investor. While it may appear straightforward with a fixed tax rate, the intricacies of rental income calculation, assessable value, and potential deductions can significantly impact the tax liability.

Familiarizing yourself with the key tax obligations and requirements will enable you to manage your investments more efficiently and maximize returns.

For further information relating to company incorporation in Hong Kong, feel free to contact us at

Frequently Asked Questions

Are there any exemption for property tax in Hong Kong?

There are several circumstances under which rental income is exempt from property tax, such as the property being used for charitable purposes charitable institutions, certain religious institutions, statutory bodies, and some educational institutions.

Are there any connection between Property tax and Stamp duty in Hong Kong?

Property tax and stamp duty in Hong Kong are both related to real estate, but they have distinct purposes and applications.

  • Property tax: This tax is charged annually to land and building owners in Hong Kong.
  • Stamp duty: This is a one-time tax payment based on the property’s value during purchase or transfer, covering residential and commercial properties.

Disclaimer: While BBCIncorp strives to make the information on this website as timely and accurate as possible, the information itself is for reference purposes only. You should not substitute the information provided in this article for competent legal advice. Feel free to contact BBCIncorp’s customer services for advice on your specific cases.

Share this article

Industry News & Insights

Get helpful tips and info from our newsletter!

Stay in the know and be empowered with our strategic how-tos, resources, and guidelines.